Potential mother's should refrain from drinking alcohol
It has long been known that drinking alcohol during pregnancy can harm a baby. Now researchers are going even further with how dangerous alcohol can be for newborns and saying abuse of alcohol even prior to pregnancy may harm babies.
Babies have a much greater chance of being born healthy if their mothers adhere to healthy habits. Clearly abuse of alcohol during pregnancy may harm a baby. In fact alcohol is so powerful it is now believed that women who drink even prior to getting pregnant may bring harm to their newborn babies.
There may be an increased risk of kids having high blood sugar and other alterations in the function of glucose if their mothers binge drink before they get pregnant
The Endocrine Society that there may be an increased risk of kids having high blood sugar and other alterations in the function of glucose if their mothers binge drink before they get pregnant. These changes are associated with an increased risk of getting diabetes as adults. These considerations are at this time based on research with rats.
It is has already been known that when mothers drink during pregnancy there may be an increased risk of birth defects and learning and behavior problems in their children. However according to the principal investigator Dipak Sarkar, Ph.D. it has not been clear whether a child's health and susceptibility to disease as an adult is negatively effected by a mother drinking before she conceives.
Binge drinking, which consists of the equivalent of about four or more drinks in approximately two hours, has become a common phenomenon in the United States. According to a phone survey in 2012 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, among users of alcohol who are 18 to 44 years old, 15 percent of women who are not pregnant and 1.4 percent of women who are pregnant reported that they binge drank during the past month.
Rats were studied in order to determine the effects of preconception alcohol use by Sarkar along with doctoral candidate Ali Al-Yasari, MS, and their colleagues, because the basic processes of glucose function are similar to those in people. It was observed that the offspring of rats who were exposed to alcohol prior to conception had several signs of abnormal glucose function.
Changes in glucose homeostasis included higher blood glucose levels, lower insulin levels in the blood and pancreatic tissue, decreased glucagon levels in the blood while being higher in pancreatic tissue, and increased blood levels of leptin.
The researchers also said they discovered evidence that preconception alcohol exposure raised the expression of some inflammatory markers in the tissues of the pancreas.
The effects of a mother’s alcohol abuse prior to conception may be passed along to her offspring
Al-Yasari has said it is suggested by these findings that the effects of a mother’s alcohol abuse prior to conception may be passed along to her offspring. It appears there could be lifelong effects on the glucose homeostasis of offspring due to these changes in glucose homeostasis. This could lead to an increase in the risk of diabetes in offspring.
It has been reported by KidsHealth that a woman's baby may be more likely to be born with birth defects and developmental disabilities when a mother drinks when she is pregnant. As a matter of fact the leading cause of birth defects which are preventable birth defects and developmental disabilities in the United States is drinking alcohol during pregnancy.