Feeding kids veggies early and often is best: 4 patterns
Eating a lot of vegetables has been shown to really be beneficial for the healthy growth and development of kids. Yet, it is often difficult to get kids to develop a taste for vegetables. It appears from research that starting kids off on vegetables early in life and feeding them vegetables often is the best approach to helping to avoid problems with a desire to eat vegetables as they are growing up.
Vegetable consumption is often too low in kids
Vegetable consumption is far too often observed to be unusually low among young kids who are very fussy during their pre-school years reported PLOS One. It has been observed that repeated exposure to vegetables enhances consumption of a novel vegetable in early life. However, individual variations in response to familiarization have emerged from recent studies.
In this study four distinct patterns of eating behavior were defined during the exposure period. The breakdown was as follows:
1: Most kids were “learners” (40 percent) who increased consumption over time.
2: 21 percent consumed more than 75 percent of what was offered each time and they were labelled “plate-clearers.”
3: 16 percent were considered “non-eaters” who ate less than 10 g by the 5th exposure.
4: The remainder were classified as “others” (23 percent) since their pattern was highly variable.
Repeated exposure familiarizes kids with a novel food
Age was an important factor in predictions of eating patterns, with the older pre-school children being more likely to be non-eaters. The plate-clearers had more enjoyment of food and lower satiety responsiveness than non-eaters. The non-eaters scored the highest on food fussiness. It is felt that while repeated exposure familiarizes kids with a novel food, alternative strategies which focus on encouraging initial tastes of the target food might be necessary for the fussier and older pre-school children.
The researchers think this is the first study which has investigated the role of individual variations in response to novel vegetable exposure. It has become clear that kids respond differently to repeated exposure to vegetables. It is therefore felt that recommendations aimed at improving vegetable consumption in kids should take account of individual variations. It's a good idea to introduce novel vegetables when kids are young during a period when novel foods are more easily accepted and prior to the onset of neophobia.
Food preferences are formed early in life
It has been observed that food preferences are formed early in life and are often fixed into adulthood. It is therefore very important that a healthy diet be established early. Although simply repeatedly exposing kids to vegetables might be effective for the majority of kids, for older and fussier children other approaches are necessary to improve acceptance. Some alternative approaches could include the use of dips and sauces in order to encourage fussy eaters to try the target food.