Avoidance of weight gain may prevent diabetes during pregnancy


2017-04-05 05:49

Researchers say that weight gain which has been considered healthy increases the risk of diabetes during pregnancy.

Pregnancy is a very sensitive time for the health of women. Evidence that it may be possible to prevent the development of gestational diabetes by avoiding weight gain in the years leading up to pregnancy has emerged.

The risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy is increased by even weight gain which has been considered healthy

It has been reported by the University of Queensland that the risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy is increased by even weight gain which has been considered healthy. There is an increase in the risk for the development of gestational diabetes in women who gain weight during the time leading up to becoming pregnant. This has been observed even if the mother's weight stays within the body mass index (BMI) range which is considered healthy.

Akilew Adane, a researcher at the University of Queensland School of Public Health, has said that there was almost three times the risk of development of gestational diabetes in women who gained greater than 2.5 per cent of their body weight each year in comparison to women who maintained a stable weight. There was a doubling of the risk of gestational diabetes in women who had only a small weight gain of 1.5 to 2.5 percent of their body weight each year.

Obesity has been recognized as a risk factor for gestational diabetes

This can lead to large babies and birth complications along with long-term health risks for mothers and their kids. Mr Adane said that it was surprising that an increased risk of gestational diabetes was seen when women were underweight or within the normal BMI range if they gained weight leading up to pregnancy.

Even within a healthy BMI range a health risk can develop for women who gain a kilogram or two a year

Mr. Adane has commented that women and their clinicians should be aware that even within a healthy BMI range a health risk can develop for women who gain a kilogram or two a year. There may be a modest but progressive development of insulin resistance in women who continue to gain weight through their early adulthood years. This may be exacerbated even more by pregnancy, even if their weight remains within the normal range.

The journal Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice has published this study. Researchers have concluded a significant risk factor for the development of gestational diabetes is early adult gain in weight even when this is within the normal BMI range. It appears to be a good idea for women to avoid gaining weight from their early adult years leading up to pregnancy in order to help prevent gestational diabetes.

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